About the Llama
Although domesticated llamas are now found on farms around the world, their bodies are adapted for the high altitude of their native habitat, the Andes Mountains. They have thick coats with two distinct layers, long legs, and padded feet to traverse steep terrain. To deal with the shortage of oxygen at high altitudes, llamas have a very high red blood cell count.
Llamas are similar in appearance to their relative, the camel, but they lack the camel’s distinctive hump and have much longer ears. They display a wide variety of colors and patterns including white, black, gray, brown, red and roan. They have two-toed feet with leathery pads.
Height: 5 to 6.5 feet
Weight: 250 to 450 pounds
Llamas graze on grasses and browse on leaves.
Llamas don't have a set breeding season. Their native ranges are in the Andes Mountains; in order for their young to be born in the spring, they usually breed from November to May. The lllama's gestation period is 331 to 359 days. Consequently, by the time young are born, it's nearly been a full year and is spring again. Llamas generally have only one “cria” at a time. Females reach sexual maturity at 16 to 18 months. Males reach sexual maturity at 22 to 25 months
Llamas are social animals, living in herds and having a defined hierarchy. Often a single male will be in a herd along with several females. They communicate by observing each other’s ear position and body language. They also hum and spit to communicate. Llamas are adapted to living at high altitudes. They have a thick of coat with two distinct layers, and their long legs and padded feet allow them to traverse steep terrain. To deal with the shortage of oxygen at high altitudes, they have a very high red blood cell count. Their hemoglobin is distinct among mammals due to its oval shape and ability to carry large amounts of oxygen.
Llamas were domesticated animals originally found in alpine grasslands throughout the Andes Mountains. Today they're found on farms around the world.
Median Life Expectancy:
10 to 20 years